Sleep Apnea is a health condition where your breathing pauses several times during sleep. High risk factors for developing this condition include obesity, hypertension, hereditary lines, or people with thicker necks (17”+ circumference). Obstruction in the airway passages is typically caused by excessive tissue and muscle. The most common form of treatment is represented by the CPAP use- Continuous Positive Airway Pressure devices.
The CPAP helps keeping the airways open through a constant burst of air. The air is at a set pressure, which is prescribed by your doctor. The doctor will determine the required amount of pressure needed to maintain the airways open, thus preventing collapsing of the airways. Patients who use CPAP treatment for prolonged periods will also experience an improvement in the main signs and symptoms of sleep apnea. Let’s check out the most common sleep apnea symptoms.
The exact type of sleep apnea might be difficult to determine, mainly because the signs and symptoms often times overlap. However, the most common signs of Central and Obstructive Sleep Apnea include the following:
There are three types of Apneas which can be diagnosed:
It is extremely important to see your doctor if you consider that you might struggle with sleep apnea issues. With the help of the right treatment, your symptoms can become less frequent and you can avoid further health problems (such as heart complications for example).
Obese patients are 5 times more exposed to developing sleep apnea than patients with a normal BMI. In such cases, your breathing is obstructed by the fatty tissues around the soft palate and your throat. Sometimes losing significant weight will improve the symptoms. Then, people who have thicker than regular necks may also struggle with more narrow airways. Men with a neck circumference of 17” (43cm) or more are at risk of developing sleep apnea. Also, women with a neck circumference of 15”+ inches (38cm) are more likely to develop sleep apnea.
According to research, men are twice more exposed to developing Sleep Apnea than women, and being middle-aged is also a risk factor. Typically, the use of alcohol or tranquilizers will also relax your throat muscles, so you are mostly exposed to developing Apnea conditions. Smokers of course are at higher risk of developing the condition because smoking increases inflammation and also fluid retention in the upper airways. Research suggests that people who give up smoking will also experience an improvement in the quality of their sleep after some time.
Central Sleep Apnea is a more complex disorder than OSA, and some of the risk factors include:
There are several complications that may arise from Sleep Apnea. These include excessive daytime fatigue, high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, low libido, mood swings followed by anxiety or depression. Don’t let Sleep Apnea take control of your life and interfere with your everyday well-being. Sleep Apnea can be treated with the help of a CPAP or APAP. Following a sleep test, your doctor will prescribe the right course of treatment. He will prescribe the most efficient air pressure that will maintain your airways open, and then you can enjoy a quality, restful night of sleep. CPAP’s can be purchased only based on medical prescription.